The County Longford is a county located in Ireland. It is located in the Midlands Region and part of the province of Leinster. The county is named after the town Longford and its presiding authority is the Longford County Council. It has a current population of 40,810 based on 2016 census records.
The corresponding territory to the County Longform is presumed to be part of a Kingdom of Meath colony during the 1st millennium. It was first known as the kingdom of Tethbae and ruled over by the north’s Cairpre Gabra. The word Tethbae referred to an area that was part of the River Inny in the north.
In AD 1070 Ad, Tethbae succumbed to Conmhaícne, Ó Fearghails, and Ó Cuinns tribes and was renamed Muintir Annaly after Fearghail O’Farrell’s great-grandfather. Longford County was also called Upper Conmaicne so as to provide it distinction from south Leitrim, which was, at the time, called Lower Conmaicne. Both were ruled over by Conmac descendants, who was the son of Queen Meadbh of Connacht and Fergus.
After the invasion of the Normans in the 12th century, Annaly was awarded to Hugh de Lacy and soon thereafter, an English settlement was created with Norman Cistercian monasteries taking root in Abbeyshrule and Abbeylara, as well as Augustinian monasteries at the Saints’ Island on the shore of Lough Ree and Abbeyderg. There are multiple remains on Monastic times found in these areas that serve as a reminder of this countries long and established history.
By the 14th century, the influence of the British was taking hold in Ireland. Edwards Bruce’s army brought an end to the town of Granard, and the territory soon fell under the control of the O’Farrells. Annaly was renamed Longphoirt, and later still renamed Longford in honour of the fortress in O’Farrells name.
It wasn’t until 1586 that County Longford was shired by Elizabeth I, however, English control was not established until after the Nine Year war. The county became part of Leinster in 1608 and subsequently separated into six baronies with each having defined boundaries. As the county became populated by Scottish and English landowners in the early 1600’s, the lands controlled by O’Farrell were confiscated and given to new owners. In 1798, county Longford was the scene of rebellion when a Humbert led French expeditionary force arrived at Killala and were defeated outside of the Ballinamuck village by forces led by the British army.
Longford has a population of 40,810 based in an area of 421 square miles or 1,091km2 and is in the fourth place when it comes to the smallest country out of 32, while it takes second place in terms of the smallest population. At the same time, Longford is again the fourth smallest on the Leinster’s list of the smallest twelve countries by population and size. Longford borders Westmeath to the east, to the northeast Cavan, to the northwest Leitrim and to the southwest, Roscommon.
Political and Geography Subdivisions
Pastureland, Lakeland, wetland and bogland symbolise the generally low-lying Longford landscapes, while the Carn Clonhugh is the highest point in the north-west of the country. Cairn Hill at 279m is used for television transmitters in broadcasting to the Irish midlands. Listed ahead of Westmeath and Meath, Longform has the lowest county peaks, while in general, the county is hilly to the north where it forms part of the drumlin belt reaching the Midlands in the north of Ireland. In the south of the country is low lying with raised bogland.
Lough Ree forms much of the western boundaries while Longford is situated in the River Shannon basin. The north-eastern part drains towards the Lough Gowna and River Erne, pastureland, bogland and wetland, which typify the low-lying landscapes of Longford. Known as Cairn hill, Carn Clonhugh is the highest point situated near Drumlish 916 feet or 279 meters is high. The Irish countries listed according to the highest points sees Longform ranked as the third lowest with only Westmeath and Meath with lower rankings. The southern parts are low-lying with better quality land for tillage and grazing. Much of the boundary with Westmeath is formed by the Tang and Inny Rivers while the border with Roscommon is marked by the River Shannon.
Longford Town is the largest with a population of 10.310, Ballymahon follows with a population of 2,674, in third place with 2,335 is Edgeworth town, Lanesborough takes the fourth spot on the list with 1,443, Granard has a population of 1.397.
Longford’s climate can be described as temperate and warm, the area has rainfall right through the year. The climate is classified as Cfb according to Geiger and Koppen and on average reached 9.0°C, with an average precipitation of 1015mm.
Interesting Tourist Destinations in Longford
While the main industries in Longford are steelworking, cable making, and food production the town features a commercial centre with multiple retail outlets such as the Dunnes Stores and Penneys. A visit to Longford could be, really, interesting sing its list of interesting places include the Saint Mels Cathedral, Ardagh Heritage Village, Abbeyderg Monastery, Corlea Trackway Visitor Centre, Ballinamuck Heritage Centre, Barley Harbour, Granard Motte and Bailey, General Sean Mc Eoins’ Forge, Glen Lough Nature Reserve, The Royal Canal and the Saints Island Priory.