Waterford County


Waterford is Ireland’s oldest city and the seaport is in the southeast of the country. It was founded in 914 A.D. by the Vikings and still, today parts of the ancient walled core are in existence still. Local archaeological finds are on display in the circa-1003 fortification within the Reginald’s Tower of the Waterford Museum of Treasures. Waterford Crystal is in existence since 1783 and remained famed for glass manufacturing, currently, the company offers historical tours.

Waterford is an area of around 48.3 km², while its population according to the census in 2016 is 53,502. As the oldest city in Ireland, Waterford’s history stretches across more than a thousand years, although it has never stopped the city of revealing more surprises. What makes this city truly special is the Norman contractions, Ancient Viking creations and expansions of the impeccably created crystal, which makes it feel like you are setting foot in a gleaming gem in the Ancient East of Ireland.

Waterford Crystal City

At the core of Waterford is Waterford Crystal, it is the heart of this magically history-rich area, a world-renowned factory that started in 1783 and currently the host of craftsmen, class cutters, engravers and glass blowers craft the most amazing crystal creations. Two tons of molten crystal is shaped every day, into the magnificent objects, which is part of the reason why Waterford crystal has a reputation for the finest artistry around the world.

Waterford’s Treasures

At the centre of Waterford lies Reginald Tower, an impressive fortress built in stone, named after the founder of Waterford, Ragnall. It hosts a wide variety of impressively wrought iron metalwork, including the ancient Kite Brooch well-maintained through the ages. At the top of the spiral staircase you can enjoy a view of Waterford, and if you survive the narrow staircase you get to imagine it as it was, back in the 13th century.

Medieval Museum

Not far from the tower, the Medieval Museum hosts a variety of treasures, these include the Great Charter Roll dating back to 1373, it depicts Waterford in the medieval ages. The must-see treasures also include the cloth-of-gold, embroidered in Bruges and woven in Florence finally finding its home in the museum in Waterford. The most elegant townhouse in Waterford is Bishop Palace offering visitors the change to explore the Georgian period.

After enjoying a fair share of the Waterford history, you get to return to the present during the Spraoi festival taking place in August, which is named and inspired by the Irish word fun. Street performers light up the streets with live music and everyone enjoys the carnival atmosphere where some of the biggest bands participate.

A relaxed experience is also offered in this truly interesting place, the annual food festival offers the most delicious treats in Ireland. Get a taste of blaa a homegrown delicacy, enjoy all the cheeses and homemade jams you can eat and make sure you shop for the week as the farmers market is open every Saturday.

Waterford Politics and Local Government

Colloquially, Waterford is known as The Deise, it is believed that between the fourth and eighth century the tribe of Gaelic people driven from north Kildare and Meath settled in the area. Today the Deise’s ancient principality is conterminous with the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lisbmore and Waterford, which includes the southern part of Tipperary. The Drum-Fineen hills separate the Decies without Drum and the Decies within Drum. In the county, there are many ogham stones and megalithic tombs, while the Viking influence is still most visible in one of the oldest buildings, the Reginald’s Tower, which was the first to use the brick and mortar method of building in Ireland.

Waterford County and City Council, since the 1st of June 2014 is the governing authority for the area formed via the merger of the Waterford County Council and the Waterford City Council following the Act2014 Reform Act of the Local Government. In the Republic of Ireland, there are thirty-one LAU 1 entities and each of the local authorities rank equally as an administrative unit. The local authority is responsible for services such as libraries, local roads, collecting automobile taxation, real-estate planning and development, social housing and sanitation.

Waterford remained Ireland’s second city throughout the medieval period with Dublin the first. It was governed from 1642 up to 1649 by an independent Catholic government, which was ended by Oliver Cromwell when he reinstated the county to be under English rule. Huge prosperity was enjoyed by Waterford in the 18th century when the city’s greatest architecture appeared, and the permanent military base was established.

Waterford Community

Waterford is the fifth most populated city in the state and the local government’s thirty-second most populous area. Waterford is home to 53.502 people and the metropolitan area population is almost 83.000. Bus services are available across the region and throughout the city, while a regular service to Dublin is offered via bus route 4 provided by Bus Eireann. Only 9km from the city centre the Waterford airport is located and car rentals can be obtained from Enterprise, Hertz, Europcar and Budget. Euro lines operates the daily coach service to the United Kingdom calling at Carmarthen, Kilgetty, Pembroke Dock, Cardiff, London and Pont Abraham. The longest greenway in Ireland is the Waterford Greenway that connects the city with Kilmacthomas, Kilmeaden, Mount Congreve and Dungarvan.

Waterford Climate

Like the rest of Ireland, Waterford’s climate is mild, lack’s extreme temperatures and has abundant rainfall. The hottest months in the county starts in June to Augusts and with the temperature around 17 up to 22 degrees it is often referred to as the Sunny Southeast. While the county enjoys a great rainfall right through the year, January, December, November and October are the wettest months.

Waterford Transportation

Waterford offers a variety of different transport options including motorways, bus services, rail, daily coach services, car rental, cycling and air.

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County Tyrone

Some, believe the late actor Tyrone Power got his name from Tyrone County, it is a common name used for Irish babies, and it means from Owen’s territory. Yet according to history, County Tyrone’s title comes from the Irish words Tir Eoghain, which means the land of Eoghan.


County Tyrone is one of the thirty-two Ireland counties and represents one of the six Northern Ireland counties. It retains its strong identity in the Irish culture even though it is no longer used as the local government’s administrative division. The county covers an area of 1,218 sq mi or 3,133 km2 and is home to a population estimated at 177,986. The county town is Omagh, which derives its title as well a geographical location from the Gaelic kingdom, existing since the 17th century under the O’Neill dynasty.

Geography and Political Subdivisions

Tir Eoghain or Tyrone is the second largest of Ulster’s nine counties and the biggest of the six Northern Ireland counties. The towns in Tyrone county includes Augher, Aughnacloy, Ballygawley, Beragh, Castlederg, Coalisland, Cookstown, Creggan, Donaghmore, Dromore, Drumquin, Dungannon, Fintona, Fivemiletown, Gortin, Moy, Newtownstewart, Omagh, Pomeroy, Seskinore, Sion Mills, Sixmilecross and Trillick.
Culture and Architecture

With almost a thousand standing stones, County Tyrone is a testament to the existence of the stone age and the people that passed through the county across many centuries. Most of the landscape is empty of men, yet it remains rich in Celtic and prehistoric remains, this is part of the county town Omagh, Dungannon and the town famous for its tasty sausages, Cookstown. Neolithic sites that are famed include, Beachmore stone circles close to Cookstown, these were discovered more than forty years ago, and then there is the Knockmany chambered cairn based on the top of the wooded hill close to Clogher.

This time period interested many visitors who take a detour through the Ulster History Park close to Gortin Glen Forest Park. From the seventh to the twelve century, high crosses and crosses where placed all over Christian Ireland and even today superb examples remain, it is peculiarly Irish art that reaches up to 18 feet high in the area of Ardboe. Others left behind, which are not as tall can be found at the end of the main street in the village Donaghmore. Tullahhoge Hill was the main crowning venue of the Tyrone O’Neills offering a superb view of the Tyrone old kingdom from above. It is said that hundreds of harps and the amid clang of bucklers were all part of the crowning ceremonies.

The mark the Irish made on America, more, in particular, North America and the Ulster Scot Presbyterian settlers in the 18th century is paid tribute to by Omagh’s Ulster American Folk Park. The Wilson’s still live near Strabane in the ancestral home of the 28th USA president, Woodrow Wilson, and visitors are gladly shown around the house.


With so much history to enjoy it is quite important to plan your visit to Ireland carefully as you would want to visit all the heritage sites. The high tourist season stretches from July to August, which might make it easier on your budget to visit the lovely country in June, May, or even September. These are months in which the weather are the most likely to be great, and the prices at the hotels are more affordable since these are less booked up. If your goal is to enjoy the beauty of the Irish spring flowers, then it is best to book your visit in May or April, while most of the arts festivals take place in October.

The average monthly temperatures for the year is around 5°C in January, 5°C in February and 6°C in March. By April the average temperature increases to 8°C, and in May it reaches 11°C with June offering plenty of days with average temperatures of around 13°C. Warmer weather is also part of July when the average temperature is 15°C, and then the average temperatures start slowly decreasing from August reaching around 14°C. In September tourists can look forward to an average temperature or 13°C, while it starts dropping fast by October when the average day is 10°C and winter really settles in by November as the average day is only 7°C and it reaches 6°C in December. So, if it is a white Christmas you are wishing to experience, Ireland is the place.

Tourist attractions

The best way to describe the Speriin Mountains is beautiful and desolate, as these stretches over 64 kilometres along the border of Tyrone-Derry the gently curved slopes as well as the 682-meter peak are well worth seeing. The only bustling and hustling taking place on these mountain ranges are the wildlife including badgers, rabbits, sparrow hawks, and hares. While the rivers at the mountain foot is perfect for trout fishing, the peak at MT Sawel, which is by the Sperrin Heritage Centre, a centre offering innovative computerised displays, explains the cultural, historical and environmental issues of the area while it also can be seen as a holographic storyteller. Gold was rediscovered in these mountains, and therefore the centre can organise gold panning experiences in the nearby stream.

Beachmore Stone Circles

Another worthwhile stop for tourists is the Creagan Visitors Centre, which promotes both festival and cultural events and has story-telling and song session during weekend all year round. It is a great place to gather advice from before you set off on a hiking adventure and if you are in search of a less adventurous track, the staff at the centre will provide you with a map passing along the Ulster Way. Particularly pleasant runs are available between the Glengawna and Gortin passes, while chamber graves and standing stones are scattered along the Beachmore trail. It is well worth taking the walk as the Beachmore stone circles are aligned with the stars and moon as well as burial cairns.

During the summer months, there are several walking festivals taking place in the area. These include the late June Cookstown Walking-Festival, Carntogher Festival taking place around the middle of June and the Sperrin Walking weekend always scheduled for the middle of June. If you’re not particularly fond of walking there are always the option of hiring a bicycle or organising a trip on horseback.

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County Tipperary

Tipperary is a beautiful county in the mid-west of Ireland, it’s this county that inspired the Irish-orientated love song in 1907. Written by Harry Williams and Jack Judge the marching song is all about a soldier waving goodbye to Leicester Square and Piccadilly as a homesick Irish ex-patriate return to the sweetest girl he knows.

It’s a county well worth singing about once you take its continuing landscapes of lakes and mountains, add its variety of ancient heritage sites and its warmth and hospitality and combines all as part of the heart of Ireland.

Until recently its beauty might have been tasted only from afar, but luckily the world is shrinking and it is no longer such a long way to Tipperary as the song of well over 100 years ago claimed. Ireland’s golden vale is well within reach. It is its valleys, mountains and rich tapestry of lakes that make this the most glorious region referred to as the Ancient East of Ireland.


Before the Norman invasion taking place in the 12th century, Tipperary was divided between the south Munster and old north kingdoms, Desmond and Thomond. Dominated by the McCarthy’s and O’Brien’s, it was the front line in battles between the two. Tipperary county was named after and created in 1328, which makes it the earliest of the Irish counties, it was divided into two ridings namely the South and North Tipperary, the two ridings was reunified to one county in 2014.

Tipperary is the county to which US ex-president Ronald Reagan traced back his family, more specifically to the south of the county, Ballyporeen, while the Ned Kelly, the Australian outlaw’s father was born in 1820 in Killenaule.

Geography and Political Subdivisions

During the time-period in which Tipperary was divided into south and north, unified by governed by the Local Government Reform Act 2014, coming into effect after the 2014 elections that took place in June 2014. Located in the province called Munster, the county was established in the early thirteenth century and during the 2016 census was home to 160,441.

It is the 6th largest of the Irish county and the 12th largest when it comes to population, while Tipperary is the 3rd largest in the six counties of Munster. In the county Tipperary there are twelve baronies including Eliogarty, Clanwilliam, Iffa and Offa East, Ormond Lower, Kilnamanagh Upper, Iffa and Offa West, Ormond Upper, Middle Third, Ikerrin, Kilnamanagh Lower, Owney and Arra and Slievardagh.

Tourist Destinations

Tipperary offers a rich variety of interesting destinations including Cahir Castle, Athassel Priory, Devil’s Bit the mountain near Templemore, Redwood Castle (Castle Egan), Rock of Cashel, Coolmore Stud, Glen of Aherlow, Carrick-on-Suir,Holy Cross Abbey, Dromineer, Mitchelstown Cave, Lorrha, Galtymore highest mountain in County Tipperary, Glengarra Wood, Lough Derg, Kilcash Castle, Ormonde Castle, and Slievenamon mountain part of many Irish legends (721m).

What makes Tipperary unique is the variety of hidden treasures it allows visitors to explore, the Ancient East landscapes are bound to take travellers breath away, while the fertile vales revitalise. When it comes to spectacular sights some of the most popular includes the Knockmealdown mountains and Galtee mountain, while landmarks well worth seeing include Cahir Castle, the Rock of Cashel and the Holycross Abbey.

With the opportunity to immerse themselves in the culture and history of the past 5,000 years many travellers now added Tipperary to one of the must-see holiday destinations and it is seen as one of the friendliest places in Ireland. It has something to entertain the whole family while accommodation is offered by country houses or cosy hotels and a visit to one of the authentic Irish café’s or pubs are well worth looking forward to. Other accommodation options include camping, caravan parks, holiday hostels, self-catering and guesthouses. Families can also enjoy angling, several day trips, boating, walks, horse riding, cycling and golf.

The rock of Cashel offers a group of spectacular Medieval buildings set in the golden vale, visitors can also visit a round tower build in the 12th century, the Romanesque chapel and the Gothic cathedral built in the 13th century, while castles include the hall of Vica now semi-restored.

Tipperary not only offers the most beautiful landscapes but is known for its locally produced cheeses and fruits. Visitors can also enjoy gourmet getaways in old convents that are restored. One of the most popular trails is the Butler trail which explores the roots of the family Butler as far back as 1185AD when Chief Butlers was granted over 400,000 acres. It includes passing the main guard Cahir Castle, Mitchelstown cave, Medieval wall town of Fethard and the rock of Cashel. Legend has it that the rock of Cashel emerged once the devil had a bite out of the mountain now titled the Devils Bit, but he spit it back and then it landed in the middle of the countryside in Tipperary and now it is named the Rock of Cashel.

Culture and Architecture

Tipperary leads, and Ireland follows as it is referred to as the premier county and there are around 979 students, speaking Irish attending the five Irish primary schools and two secondary schools. While transport is dementated by road transport in the county with the M7 crossing through Nenagh and Roscrea in the north and the M8 that bisects from the north of Two-mile Borris up to the border of County Limerick.

Tipperary Temperatures

The best time to take the long road to Tipperary would depend on the activity’s travellers plan, the rainy season is in December, November, January and February. The warmest month of the year in August, while the coolest is January, which is also the wettest and a month that is avoided by many who don’t enjoy rain or plan to spend their holiday mostly outdoors. July is the driest month of all and one that offers the warmest temperatures.

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County Slingo

County Slingo

Slingo or in Irish Sligeach, means the “abounding in shells”, it is a county town and coastal seaport in the County Slingo, Ireland, and it is within the western province of Connacht. In 2016 the population of Slingo was estimated at 20,000 and therefore it is the second largest in the West of Ireland when it comes to urban centres, the only one larger is Galway.

Slingo is a commercial, industrial, historic, cultural, retail and service centre with West of Ireland regional importance. The coastal seaport and town are served by road links, a port and rail and Slingo employ a meaningful influence on its neighbourhood. It is a very popular destination for tourists since it is situated in the area known for its natural beauty combined with cultural and literary associations.


County Slingo was founded in 1585 but then it never came into effect until the Nine Years War finally came to an end 1603. Its boundaries reveal the O Conchobhair Sligigh overlordship of Lower Connacht as it was during the Elizabethan conquest. The overlordship at the time consisted of several territories including Tír Fhíacrach Múaidhe, Cairbre Drumcliabh, Tír Ollíol, Corann, Luíghne, and Cúl ó bhFionn. Each afterwards made into English barony including Tireragh, Carbury, Tirerril, Leyny, Corran and Coolavin, and then the capital ended up in Slingo.

Slingo is basically the anglicisation of the name Sligeach meaning shelly place, which refers to an abundance of shellfish found in its estuary and river and from the shell middens in the area around it. The Gharbnog river is now better known as the Garavogue, which means the little rough one, although its original name was the Sligeach. It is a river listed as part of the royal rivers, there are seven of these in Ireland listed in the 9th century AD tale, which was titled The Da Dergas Hostel Destruction, it is also referenced in the 1188 Annals of Ulster.

Geography and Political Subdivisions

Slingo is located on the lower part of the gravel hills and situated on the Atlantic Ocean facing coastal plain on the banks of the Garavogue River. The town attracts a wide tourist audience as it is surrounded by mountains with the Killery to the southeast, and the Keelogyboy and Cope mountains to the northeast, while in the west lies the Knocknarea and in the north the Benbulben.

It is an important point on both the south and north route between Connacht and Ulster, Slingo is also the county town of County Slingo as well as the Carbury Barony, formerly known as the Gaelic tuath of Cairbre Drom Cliabn, it is also the diocesan seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Elphin, the Church of Ireland Diocese of Elphin, Kilmore and Ardach.

County Slingo is a Connacht province county that is a Border region with more than 500,000 people including Monaghan, Louth, Donegal, Leitrim and Cavan counties.

Tourist Destinations

In recent years, Sligo has transformed into a surfers’ paradise due to its spotless beaches and rollers from the Atlantic ocean. Sligo is also the country of W.B Yeats. He was born in Sligo and immortalised it with his poems, especially That Old Grey Mansion. The stretch of Ireland in the northwest is decidedly romantic, unspoilt, and wild which is far removed from the larger cities’ hustle and bustle. Poetry, art, music, mythology, and history along with dramatic mountains, rivers, and clear lakes all await those that wish to visit this remote destination of Ireland. The best tourist destinations in Sligo include Inishmurray Island, The model which is home of the Niland Collection, Carrowmore Megalithic Cemetery, Lough Gill, Sligo Art Gallery and Country Museum, Sligo Abbey, Yeats Society Memorial Building, and Parke’s Castle which was once the home of Robert Parke.

Culture and Architecture

Music is an important factor in Sligo, with several musicians both from across the globe and from Sligo coming to the county to improve and play their craft. The culture in Sligo was also a significant inspiration on comics pioneer, illustrator, and artist Jack Butler Yeats as well as his brother W.B Yeats who is a Nobel laureate and poet. An extensive range of art from Jack B Yeats can be found in the Model Niland Gallery. You will also find that the Yeats Summer School occurs every year and manages to attract scholars from across the globe, especially those in Japan. The town of Sligo highlighted its connections with writer and Goon Show star Spike Milligan. Milligan’s father was also from Sligo. In addition, the Westlife boy band was established in Sligo in 1998.

Most of the architectural merit in Sligo are primarily 19th century buildings. During the 19th century, Sligo experienced swift economic growth and this produced rapid change in architecture in the process. This established various public buildings, including the Model School, the Gilooly Memorial Hall, Courthouse, and the Sligo Town Hall.

Accommodation in Sligo

There are a handful of hotels when it comes to the county of Sligo. For instance, visitors can enjoy the Temple House which is essentially a Georgian mansion which has been turned into a luxurious Bed and Breakfast situated just south of Sligo. Antique furniture is crammed into sumptuous rooms along with family heirlooms and grand dining that will surely surprise you. Located in beautiful parkland, the property also has a lake for fishing enthusiasts as well as miles of walks right on the doorstep.

Another fantastic choice is The Glasshouse. It’s a futuristic hotel that overlooks the Garvogue river with colourful and sleek rooms along with gorgeous views overlooking the river. You can return in the evening, after enjoying a day of Yeats country exploring, to a lovely AA Rosette restaurant. It’s a truly modern and excellent hotel.

Lastly, visitors should consider Coopershill House Hotel. It’s a luxury family owned country hotel providing a complete getaway experience. With magnificent views and log fired, the traditional bedrooms with antique finishes don’t have any radios or tv’s, ensuring visitors can break away from technology during their stay and enjoy the nature outside. Most of the ingredients for their food is also home grown or locally sourced.

Sligo Temperatures

The summers are rather cool in Sligo, while the winters are very cold, long, and extremely wet. For most of the year, its mostly cloudy and rather windy. Over the course of a 12 month period, the temperatures typically vary between 38F and 64F and rarely drops below 31F or goes above 71F. The best time to visit this beautiful county in Ireland, especially when you want to explore the county during the day, is between early July and late August.

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County Roscommon


No one is from Roscommon, according to a very old joke, since the county has no maternity hospital. Its neither the smallest or the biggest county in Ireland, what is beautiful is its mountains, rivers and lakes. Roscommon is Ireland’s geographical centre located on the shores of Lough Ree situated in Carnagh East.


Roscommon is where the UNESCO World Heritage Site is located and once it was the home of the Maeve, the mythological queen. It is also home to the National Famine Museum, which is indeed one of the very few museums worldwide based on a Famine theme.
The county is named after the “Ros” and “Coman” the first part of the name refers to a wooded, gentle height, while the second part is the name of a famous saint, also referred to as the very first bishop of the see. In the fifth century, Coman Mac Faelchon built a monastery in the county of Roscommon. Originally the county established, officially in 1585, it was around the time when the land division of the East was reinstated by the Tudors. Statistically, it is the county in Ireland with the longest life expectancy, a fact revealed in 2008.

Geography and Political Subdivisions

Of the 32 counties in Ireland, Roscommon is the 11th largest, and when it comes to most sparsely populated counties, it is the fifth. The area is 984 square miles which makes it the 3rd largest in size of the five counties in Connacht. It borders every county in Connacht, including Leitrim, Sligo, Galway mayo as well as three of the Leinster Counties.

Tourist destinations

Roscommon offers an interesting variety of fantastic tourist attractions including the 14th-century castle known as the Ballintober Castle. The castle fell into ruin when it was taken over by English forces. In 1690 it was restored but then fell again after the Battle in 1690.

Tourist also visits the Turlough Carolan grave, the blind harpist who lived from 1670 to 1738, a harp made by Carolan can also be seen in the stately home of the Connaught O’Connor family. A unique insight awaits visitors on the Argina Mountains mining experience, during the 45-minute tour of the mine, which worked since the 1700’s.

Politics and Local Government

In terms of general elections, Roscommon falls under the Roscommon-South Leitrim Consistuency. The county is under the control of the Roscommon County Council consisting of 26 members.

Culture and Architecture

Roscommon is rich in heritage gems and home to the Cistercian Monastery, which is nothing short of impressive and well preserved after it was found as far back as the 12th century. In the Derryglad Museum, over six thousand items are stored that tells the history and the culture of Roscommon’s past. A fully restored windmill from the 18th century is still working and can be seen in action. And for tourist who have a passion for railways, the Hell’s Kitchen Bar Railway Museum offers the largest collection of Ireland’s rail memorabilia.

It is one of the most fertile farmlands in Ireland, and Roscommon offers placid lakes and extensive bogs. What had a devastating effect on the county was 1845 to 1848 Great Famine in which many died, and others emigrated once the county’s main food crop was destroyed.

A unique insight is offered by the famine museum, one that allows visitors to understand the peoples battle against hunger. Roscommon is the perfect place for anyone who loves nature and its Lough Key Forest Park is situated only five miles away and offers 840 acres of ring forts, fishing, cruising as well as fully serviced caravan services, a camping area and the best nature walk.

Roscommon County enjoyed a massive growth in international visitors, between 2003 and 2017 this growth was as high as 53%, which showed a huge increase in revenue estimated in 2003 as €13 million and by 2007 it amounted to €27 million.
At the time Roscommon had only 480 graded hotel rooms, and in 2006 it was placed seventeenth out of twenty-six counties in attracting tourists. At the time it was predicted that the increase in tourism would contribute 50% to the economy of Roscommon.

Accommodation in Roscommon

Thousands of international tourists visit Roscommon in Ireland, which now offers a variety of accommodation to choose from, some of the most popular options include B&B’s, as well as hotels such as the Abbey known for its atmosphere, while the Hodson Bay 15 miles away offers excellent facilities such as a spa, pool and a wide choice of restaurants.
Whether visitors plan to stay for a weekend or an extended holiday in Roscommon, there are plenty of rooms offered in both 3 and 4-star hotels, and those in the county.

Roscommon Temperatures

Roscommon offers a variety of must-see attractions include the Roscommon Golf Club, Dr Hyde Park and the amazing Roscommon Castle. Arriving by train is a great option since the closest station is located only 0.8 km from the city centre, although your planning could depend on the weather conditions.

When it comes to seasonal temperatures January to March offer maximums in general of 11 °F during the day and 2 °F at night, April to June 19 °F daytime and 3 °F at night and then in October to December the temperatures are around 15 °F during the day with nights of 2 °F. Seasonal rainfalls from October to December is 242 inches, July to September 203 inches, April to June 169 inches and in January up to March 199 inches.

Extended List of Tourist Attractions in Roscommon

The list of must-see tourist attractions in Roscommon includes:

• The Ballintober Castle
• Clonalis House
• Boyle Abbey
• Douglas Hyde Interpretative Centre
• Drumanone Dolen
• Grave of Turlough O’Carolan
• Frybrook House
• Rathrcroghan RingBarrow
• King House Interpretative Centre
• Lough Key Forest Park
• Roscommon Castle
• Rathcroghan Archaeological Visitors centre Complex
• Storkestown Park house
• The Famine Museum.

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Country Offaly

County Offaly is one of the many counties located in Ireland – (pronounced as Contae Uibh Fhailí in Irish). It is located in the Leinster province, which is a part of the Midlands Region. The Irish name of this country stems from the ancient kingdom of Uí Failghe, though, before becoming County Offaly, the land was known officially known as King’s County. In the 2016 census, it was recorded that the total population of Country Offaly was 78,003, and the people are ruled under the local authority – which is known as Offaly County Council.


County Offaly is filled with a rich history, one of the oldest recorded settlements that were known in the county goes by the name of Boora Bog – which dates all the way back to the Mesolithic era. Although, through careful examination of the excavations that took place on the land shows that the settlement was more than likely temporary in nature. The conclusion came from the fact that no set structures were set and by the array of scattered arrowheads, stone axes, and broken blades. These items are assumed to date anywhere from 6,800-6,000 BCE.

Additionally, other items, such as the Dowris Hoard was found in the midst of a bog, which was located in Dowris, Whigsborough, an area located nearby Birr. It is estimated that the Hoard was from the Late Bronze Age. It holds the impressive record of being the largest number of scattered items of the Bronze Age to be found in Ireland. In total, there were nearly 200 items found, where 190 of them were undestroyed. These items were separated so that 111 ended up in the National Museum of Ireland while the remaining 79 were sent to the British Museum. The items consisted of a cluster of axes (43), trumpets (24), and crotals (44) (A crotal is a bell/chime like instrument which is only found in Ireland). One of the highlights was a bronze bucket which was solely contrasted from sheets of bronze welded together – the other two buckets which were found are considered to originate from the nearby native colonies.

The history o the country itself stems from an attempt by the English crown to expand its influence in Ireland, which is how Laois and Offaly came into existence. The reasoning behind the creation was motivated by the decline in the English power, which was shown to happen greatly after the Norman Conquest of Ireland. Despite the importance of the countries, both Offaly and Laois, which was formally known as Leix, were considered to be smaller scale petty kingdoms in the Gaelic Irish region, which happens to be located closely to Pale. Pale has a rich history of being willfully loyal to the English Crown, even after Norman’s Conquest.

Most of the country was ruled over by the Kingdom of Firceall, which was ruled by the well-known O’Molloy clean. The kingdoms were not connected back then as Firceall was considered to be a branch of the Kingdom of Meath, while Offaly was considered to be a branch of the Leinster kingdom. Back then, most of the southern region of Offaly was ruled by Ó Cearbhaill of Éile. Which was originally formed to be a part of the Munster Kingdom. Though in due time, the petty kingdoms were disregarded by the Tudor plantations. It was not until 1556 that the Parliament of Ireland created a new Act which deemed “King’s County” to be an official area of land. The new county name originated from the king of Ireland at the time, King Phillip. This act slowly dissolved the past baronies and replaced them with the now current day County System. Despite being officially known as Offaly, there was no official legislation which changed the name from King’s Country – which is the current, legal name of the country.

Geography and Political Subdivisions

To date, Offaly is considered to be the 18th largest country out of the 32 located in Ireland and holds the title of being 24th in regards to the population. In a more specific light, it is considered to be the 5th largest out of all of the Leinster counties – which includes 12 – and has the 10th largest in population matters.
The county town, which doubles as being the largest of the towns in Offaly is called Tullamore. Offaly is surrounded by several other counties, some of which are popular tourist hotspots: Laois, Meath, Galway, Tipperary, Roscommon, and Kildare. Also, in Offaly, the Slieve Boom Mountain range can be clearly seen in the distance. The mountain range is home to some of the highest points including Wolftrap and Stillbrook Hill and. Another scenic spot in the county is located in the northern region and is called Croghan Hill.

In the north-western section of the country, the River Shannon can be spotted. Along with that, the River Camcor travels throughout the county and can be spotted in both Birr and can be walked alongside in the Wild Trout Conservation. Additionally, the country is no stranger to stunning nature as several additional rivers run through separate parts. The Brosna river spans across from Lough Owel to Shannon Harbor. While the Silver River spans across several towns and villages. Offaly is home to a variety of small-scale lakes and swamplands.

The landscape in Offaly is mainly composed of flatlands and has a respuitation for having a variety of bogs and peatlands. These bogs and peatlands cover nearly 21% of the land mass in Offaly – though that can be viewed through tourist tours and walk when the water is low. The most well-known bogs in the county are the Bog of Allen, Boora Bog, Clara Bog, and the Raheenmore Bog.

While bogs and rivers are the norms in Offaly, the county is home to thousands of acres of forest, and which unlike the bogs, it only amounts to around 4.5% of the total landmass area. This number also includes the woodlands found in the Sileve Blooms as well as the Parklands in Lough Boora. Though, a majority of the woodland area, 75% to be exact, is considered to stem from the vast Conifer High Forest.

Listed below are the towns and villages located in the county:

Shannon Harbour
Walsh Island

Local Government and Politics

As mentioned before, the local authority in Offaly is known as the Offaly County Council. The council is tasked with being responsible for an array of duties which can range from cultural and social services, housing and housing policies, economically related duties, taxing, as well as the internal structure in Offaly.

In 2014, the Local Government Reform Act was passed which changed the number of councillors .in the council from 21 to 19. Additionally, the electoral areas were changed to be set at three, which means Tullamore will only have seen members, Edenderry will have 6 members, and Birr will have only 6 members. Before the chance, there was another electoral area located in Ferbane which hosted four members.

Until 2011, Offaly’s general elections were considered to be a part of the Laois-Offaly community instead of being its own separate being. This was the norm for decades since 1921. Though in the 2011 election, some of the southern regions in Offaly were instead to considered to be attached to the Tipperary North. In 2013, another major change was created when the Electoral Act was established. This will be the final change from separating the Laois-Offaly elections to instead allowing the creation of 24 new electoral divisions.

Interesting Places in Offaly

• A shrew of wildlife can be found in the Boora Bog. A large number of Irish grey partridge’s can be found here.
• An ancient mummy was discovered in Croghan Hill, which is nearly 230 meters high. The mummy was dubbed as the Croghan Bog Man and is displayed at the National History Museum.
• Birr Theatre and Arts Centre
• Birr, which is located in the southern part of the country, is home to an impressive castle and garden mixture, which is officially known as Birr Castle. The castle is formally owned by the Parson Family, who proudly bears the cross of Earl of Rosse. Though, the real attention grabber is the 19th century styled telescope called the Leviathan of Parsontown.
• Charleville Castle located in Tullamore
• Clara Bog Nature Reserve
• Clonmacnoise is home to an ancient Christian monastic site which ancient Irish High Crosses can be viewed.
• Durrow Abbey and High Cross
• Georgian Birr
• Kinnitty Castle
• Leap Castle
• Scenic views of both Offaly and Laois can be seen from the Sileve Bloom Mountain range.
• Sculpture in the Parklands.
• The former U.S president, Barak Obama, ancestral home is located in Moneygall – which has a fitting visitor center which is called Obama Plaza.
• The Old Churches of Rahan and Lynally
• Tullamore Dew Visitor Centre

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County Monaghan

County Monaghan is one of Ireland’s many counties. It is included in Border Region and is located in the Ulster province. The name is derived from one of the towns located in the county. The local authority for the county is called the Monaghan County Council and it hosts four political groups. The last recorded population amount for the county was 60,483 when the 2011 census results were released.

The county was created in 1585 after the rulers of Airgíalla, Mac Mathghamhna, decoded to officially join the Irish Kingdom. Though after both the modern day Irish war which lead to independence along with the final signing of the treaty between Anglo-Irish – County Monaghan was a part of the free states of Ireland as well as being one of the three Ulster counties to join the free states.


There was a meeting scheduled in 1585 where the English lord Sir John Perrot, frequented the area of Ulster with Irish chieftains to request that the county is divided into three separate counties due to the large size. The request also included having the rulers of Airgíalla all be appointed to be chefs in the area. Thus, the following was a commission which created County Monaghan. After the creation, five baronies were created within the county – Cremorne, Dartrey, Farney, Monaghan, and Truagh – which were remained under the chiefs of McKenna’s control.

However, the county did differently from the other two after defeating the Hugh O’Neill rebellion in 1603. Afterward, the count was left in the control of the native chiefs instead of being appointed a new chief. This did not last for long as a hybrid of Scottish and English colonization soon began in County after the 1621 Irish Rebellion – who was accompanied by the Irish Catholics.

Geography and Political Subdivisions

The Irish Republic has 26 counties, and Monaghan is considered to be the fifth smallest. Though, regarding the population of the 2011 census, Monaghan is the fourth smallest. It holds the title of being the smallest Ulster counties in both size and population. Despite being on the smaller size, Monaghan is home to an array of unique landmarks which includes the Sileve Beagh mountains, several lakes which spans across the county, and two massive forests with a high number of conifers – though with the increasing number of agriculture, these forests have been reduced to small areas of woodlands.

County Monaghan does include many civil parishes who rules over the following areas. Each one of the following towns and villages is under one of the civil parishes.

• Newbliss
• Oram
• Rockcorry
• Scotshouse
• Scotstown
• Smithborough
• Latton
• Ballybay
• Castleblayney
• Clones
• Drum
• Ballinode
• Doohamlet
• Carrickmacross
• Glaslough
• Magheracloone
• Inniskeen
• Threemilehouse
• Emyvale
• Truagh
• Killanny
• Knockatallon
• Tydavnet
• Tyholland


As mentioned above, there are five baronies located in County Monaghan, these baronies are historical subdivisions and can easily be identified on a map: Cremorne, Dartree, Farney, Monaghan, and Trough.

Tourist Destinations in Monaghan

While Monaghan is filled with a historical past, there are still a countless amount of activities and attractions that tourists can view to get a more personal touch with Monaghan and its history.

• Castle Leslie – a supposedly haunted castle and garden
• Bragen – mountain range with scenic views which are perfect for walking, biking, bird watching, and fishing
• Lough Muckno – great lake
• Clones – smaller scale town which was the inspiration for “The Butcher Boy”
• Inniskeen – a historical village
• Rossmore Park – the garden remains of the Rossmore Castle
• Monaghan Town Centre – filled with the highlighted areas, such as museums, a market, and the Catholic cathedral
• St. Peters Tin Church – A unique church that was entirely crafted out of tin

Linked to Belfast and Armagh by the Ulster railway in 1858 and by 1863 with the Enniskillen and Dundalk railway at Clones, County Monaghan became in 1876 part of the Great Northern railway. In 1922 it was the partition of Ireland that turned County Armagh into an international frontier where train inspections delayed the routines, the Government of Northern Ireland in 1957 closed the GNR between the border and Portadown, which gave the GNRB no other option but to withdraw its services to passengers. The remaining section between Glaslough, Clones and Monaghan was taken over by CIE in 1958, although goods services were withdrawn between Glaslough and Monaghan in 1959, and between Monaghan and Clones in 1960 which left Monaghan without railway services.

Politics and Local Government in County Monaghan

The four electoral areas in Monaghan includes Clones, Carrickmacross, Monaghan and Catleblayney. A nine-member town council represents Ballybay, Castleblayney, Carrickmacross, Clones and Monaghan the council deals with provisional housing and utilities as well as local matters. The county is part of the Caven-Monaghan Consistuency for the Dail Eireann, and by the general election in 2011, a turnout of 72.7% voters took part. The county for European parliament elections is part of the former Connacht-Ulster, now North-West Consistuency and politically is considered as a stronghold for the left wing, Sinn Fein the largest part of the county followed by the centre-right Fine Gael.

County Monaghan Culture and Architecture

It is the birthplace of the writer and poet Patrick Kavanagh, who based most of his work on County Monaghan. Kavanagh is known for poems such as Shancoduff and Stoney Grey Soil and seen as one of the most important writers in Irish poetry in the 20th-century. But then it is no secret that many successful artists came from Monaghan with one of the main ones being George Collie (1904–75 born in Carrickmacross who studied at Dublin Metropolitan School of Art. Collie was an inexhaustible exhibitor throughout his whole life of the Royal Hibernian Academy his works is now part of major collections at the Ulster Museum and National Gallery of Ireland. It was also home to Sir Shane Leslie and Irish writer who resided at Castle Leslie.

An Irish nationalist, a Catholic convert, and the cousin of the Prime Minister of the UK Winston Churchill, by the 1900s Leslie became an imperative literary figure. Leslie was also a close friend of writers such as F. Scott Fitzgerald the American novelist as well as several politicians. Fitzgerald actually dedicated his novel titles The Beautiful and Damned, to Leslie. Recognised as a leading provincial museum in Ireland, the Monaghan County Museum proudly have a Council of Europe Award since 1980, to its name. The best architecture of the county was developed during the Victorian and Georgian periods which ranges from the country houses of Carrickmacross; Lough Fea, Hilton Park, Castle Leslie, Clones and Glaslough.

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What are the Top 6 Festivals in Ireland?

Ireland is a popular tourist destination as there have been a recorded 7,604,400 visitors from overseas. This has been a part of the shocking 8% increase in tourism since the previous year. Although, the reason why there are so many visitors to Ireland is not shocking in the least. The country is filled with stunning landscapes, delicious domestically made Irish beer, along with the yearly festivals that take place.

To plan a proper trip to Ireland having some knowledge about when the best time for you is to go along with that kind of events are going on during the time is essential. Though if you enjoy a lively festival filled with an array of Irish dishes, people, and culture- then having some information on the most exciting festivals might help!

Listed below are the top 6 festivals that takes place in Ireland and what they encompass.

1. Lisdoonvarna Matchmaking Festival

This festival is heavily derived from a tradition that was created by farmers decades ago. After the farmers finished a harvest and gathered their crops, they began looking for partners to help with the workload and keep them company. Which aid in the creation of the Lisdoonvarna Matchmaking Festival. Although times have changed and more diversity if being seen at the festival. For starters, there are two versions of this festival – one that follows the tradition more closely and the LGBTA version, which is held during the same time span in September or the beginning of October and has been dubbed as the biggest same-sex coupling event in the world!

2. Kilkenny Arts Festival

Art lovers should rejoice in knowing that there has been a festival created that is purely devoted to showing the different art forms in Ireland. Originally, it was created by a band of musicians who wanted everybody to see there was more to the country than drinking and sightseeing. Due to its popularity, the event has been pushed to last for nine days and for the event to be hosted at the Kilkenny Castle on its 40th anniversary.

3. Dublin St. Patrick’s Day Parada

This parade is one of the most well known globally. It begins either on March 17th or the days following it, but it should be known that this event is not always held on St. Patrick’s Day for one reason or another. This is the best chance to witness Ireland in its pure, unrestricted form. From the Irish music, food, and the dancing – you will truly feel like a resident of the country instead of a visitor for a week.

4. Killgorin, County Kerry – Puck Fair

There is probably no other place in the world where you can witness a goat being crowned king by a young local schoolgirl other than in Ireland. This festival is a tradition that is held from August 10th – 12th. One popular guess from where this tale was created from was the story of a male goat (also known as a puck), that somehow saved the local village from being plundered by a group of menacing raiders.

5. Country Cork – Redhead Convention

Despite the endless tales of redheads being the cause of bad luck – Ireland loves to celebrate their brightly colored redheads in a festival that started a little over a decade ago. While the convention started off as a measly joking idea between two siblings – it has grown into an exciting three days event that spans over August 22nd- 24th.

6. Galway Oyster Festival

While oysters are not a popular food choice, in Ireland there is a whole festival dedicated to the tastiness of oysters. Although, if the clammed snack is not your cup of tea, – there are loads o other seafood options that you can choose from as you start your journey of eating your way through Irish delicacies.

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Touring the Famous Irish Whiskey Mills

The Scots seem to have competition in terms of whiskey as Irish whiskey is finally coming back into the light as one of the fastest growing beverages in the world. Even though the 20th century seems to be the end of whiskey drinking – a modern audience of millennials and older are enjoying the classic drink even more since it is being offered in an array of unique and delicious flavours. The new distillery that is opening in Ireland is marketing towards a younger audience while the older ones are making changes to keep their brand in competition with the more modern facilities.

County Kerry, Dingle Distillery

The stunning building that is Dingle Distillery, which is more westward, is standing high and mighty in its beautiful scenic location filled with nature and the sound of the wind. Despite being new in the world of the classic beverage, the owners are the furthest things from being considered newbies in this growing industry, as they have been known to craft some of the strongest and tastiest Irish beer while in Dublin. This distillery is focused on quality over quality as they only produce two casks of their drinks a day.

Country Offaly, Tullamore Dew

While the manufacturing part of Tullamore Dew is located in a plant outside of Tullamore that features some of the most intense security around – the centre where visitors can visit is in the heart of the town and is known as one of the main attractions. Located in an older whiskey warehouse, the visitor centre is filled with unique facts tools used over the years to produce whiskey. If anything, the warehouse was upgraded to resemble of functional whiskey production centre from the reddish glow that can be coming from the malting room that is used to simulate burning coal, to the tasting session set up which encourages lively chatter.

County Carlow, Walsh Distillery

The Walsh Distillery is a name to be reckoned with as they have a recorded number of 65,000 annual bottle capacity on the dot. During the tour, guides are known to encourage visitors to get a truly authentic feeling as they should sniff and touch their journey to the entire distillery process. The modern and unique design of the distillery just enforces the fact that is has been the first one to ever be built in County Carlow for the last 200 years, which also shows its quickly growing popularity with the residents. No matter how nice the outside and interior of the distillery is – the whiskey is still controlled manually with machines. The end of the tour of the distality will always end of a glace and walkthrough of “The Irishman Founders Reserves” which features rolling green hills.

Kilkenny City, The Dylan Whisky

The Victorian-esque style building where the Dylan Whisky Distillery is located is just eight years old. Located in the Marble City’s updated John Street, this distillery makes up for its young age thanks to the array of whisky brands it has in its collection. For around €20 you can sample the delicious, simple malt, their selected brand of the month along with another whisky that has in their collection of over 200. The bar staff is filled with extremely well-trained members that can help the decisions of which whisky to try, along with providing some additional information about the brand as well. It’s obvious the distillery main muse is Bob Dylan – though the reason they currently use the Scottish spelling of whiskey will always be a mystery.

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The Best and Worst Times to Visit Ireland

Ireland is a stunning country known for its iconic folklore that involves magical fairies and for its rich and revolutionary political conquests. Though, Ireland is also the land of having the best pubs that are lively at any time of the day and night, its eye-catching scenery of rolling green hills and small villages, and well, like most other European countries – the constant downpour that marks its territory on Ireland. Even still, since 2014 over a recorded number of over seven billion tourists have visited Ireland for one reason or another – and this large number is double the entire countries population.

Though, it’s not expected that all these tourists came at the same exact time, right? Well, while there isn’t a dedicated “perfect” time to visit the country of greenery, potential visitors should know that different seasons will provide different experiences. The winters are known for being cold, quiet and coated in a beautiful layer of white snow, and the spring is the time for ample amounts of St. Patrick Day celebrations and parties. Summers are always sunny and bustling with life; while the fall creates the perfect weather combination and shows signs of the outdoor business slowing down. When deciding when to visit Ireland, it’s entirely up to you and your personal preference of when which season would give you the experience of a lifetime.

When Should You Visit Ireland For Good Weather

Irelands weather climate changes, but its never extreme. During the winter seasons, it’s rare for the weather to fall below freezing and stay that way – and during the summer the weather is known to stay around 70 degrees Fahrenheit or lower. Though, it’s not too shocking for people to see cloudy and dark skies and then clear sunny ones in quick successions, no matter what season it is.

There is one thing that you should know as a future visitor of the motherland of fun pubs – rain. Rain is one of the things the Irish face daily and depending n the timing of your trip; you will too. For starters, summer is the sunniest seasons and the days are longer and warmer, with July and August being the brightest and the busiest. However, in November and February, Ireland is going to be dark, gloomy, a bit cold, and filled with constant rainfall.

When Should You Visit for The Festivals and Cultural Events

Even though Ireland is known for their lively St. Patrick Day festivals, the country also celebrates an array of other events as well. For example, in Western Ireland, Killorglin, in the famed Country Kerry, has a Puck Fair every August, where the main event is a young girl will symbolically marry a goat who is crowned “King Puck” during the festival. Don’t worry though; the girl isn’t tied to the goat for life! Galloway is lively in September due to its array of oyster-related festivals.

When are the Worst Times to Visit Ireland

While summer is the warmest season and full of fun festivals, it also doubles as being one of Ireland’s busiest seasons, along with having a higher price to pay for flying and hotel accommodations. Thigh despite the influx of tourists and rise in prices, summer is known as the time of the year where hidden treasures are finally open. Plus, with the longer daytime, summer is the time of the year to get more activities done in one day.

Though around March, St. Patrick Day celebrations are taking place. The rule of thumb is that if don’t plan on spending all your time drinking in the lively pubs or dealing with intoxicated people, maybe its best to plan your trip to Ireland for another month. On the other hand, while winter is the slowest time of the year – the weather is also the worst. If you’re looking for the perfect combination of weather, activities, and crowds, then your best bet would be to plan your trip around the spring or fall.

When is the Cheapest Time to Visit Ireland

While winter may feature some of the worst weather, it doubles as the cheapest time of year to book a flight and hotel in Ireland. Though, tourists should keep in mind that some paces may offer some seasonal rates, but other hotels are known to close until the next spring arrives. When the weather is warmer, as seen in the spring and summer months, plane tickets and hotel accommodations are bound t be even higher.

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